There is a high percentage of children that will experience some form of child hair loss. The hair loss can become a distressing time for the whole family, upsetting for the child and parents, as they come to terms with the hair loss condition. IGL Hair Loss Consultancy will support you and care for your child, with advice in child hair loss solutions.
We work closely with charities and can support your child up to the age of 18 with a one free human hair wig for Alopecia.
If your child is suffering from cancer, there is no limit to free wigs whilst having treatment. All of our wigs are cut and styled at no extra cost.
Causes of hair loss in children and teens
Tinea Capitis or Ringworm
This is the most common cause of hair loss in children. Tinea capitis is a contagious fungal infection of the scalp, creating scaly, ring-like lesions on the scalp. It is commonly spread among school-aged children.
Alopecia areata is when a child’s hair suddenly start falling out in a round or oval pattern. The hair loss in children occurs within a matter of a few days, and the bald patterns are smooth and not inflamed. This condition can worsen over a short or long period, but can also improve, the patches can start to regrow.
Alopecia Totalis & Alopecia Universalis
This condition is similar to alopecia areata, except that the child loses all scalp hair (alopecia totalis) or all scalp hair and all body hair (alopecia universalis).
Traction alopecia is a form of alopecia, or gradual hair loss, caused primarily by pulling force being applied to the hair. This commonly results from the sufferer frequently wearing their hair in a particularly tight ponytail, pigtails, or braids. Also on babies that rub their heads on their bedding.
The main feature of trichotillomania is the recurrent pulling out of the individual’s own hair which results in noticeable hair loss. Sites of hair puling may include any region of the body in which hair may grow, the most common sites being the scalp, eyebrows and eyelashes. Stressful circumstances frequently increase hair pulling behaviour, but increased hair puling also occurs in states of relaxation and distraction (e.g. reading a book or watching television).
Telogen effluvium is another classic cause of hair loss in children. Often caused when a child has had a recent illness, typically with a high fever, surgery, sudden weight loss, or even emotional stress. Telogen effluvium causes hair roots to be pushed prematurely into the resting state. The condition can be acute or chronic. If there is some “shock to the system”, as many as 70% of the scalp hairs are then shed in large numbers about 2 months after.
Cancer and hair loss
For children with cancer, the loss of hair can be important and traumatic. Some chemotherapy drugs will cause hair loss because the drug kills fast growing cancer cells. The cells that produce hair growth are also fast growing, so the treatment also affects these cells, causing hair loss. The hair will grow back once treatment has finished.
If your child must have radiation to the head, hair will probably fall out in the area that is treated.
Other causes of hair loss in children and Teens
Although folliculitis refers to an infection of the hair follicles caused by any microbes, bacteria are the most common cause of scalp folliculitis. It can also be caused by fungi, viruses and even parasites like mites. Scalp folliculitis may be associated with scalp acne.
Hair loss may occur with deficiencies in iron, biotin, zinc and essential fatty acids.
Marasmus is a form of severe malnutrition characterised by energy deficiency. A child with marasmus looks emaciated. Body weight is reduced to less than 60% of the normal (expected) body weight for the age. Marasmus occurrence increases prior to age 1, whereas kwashiorkor occurrence increases after 18 months.
Diffuse Alopecia is one of the features of Anorexia nervosa.
It is a rare form of alopecia areata, described predominantly in young women, the typical patchy distribution of hair loss in classical alopecia areata is absent, but abrupt and intense hair loss is characteristic.Book a Consultation